Taasir English News Network | Uploaded on 10-September-2019
Rheumatism refers to various painful medical conditions which affect joints, bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and muscles; Rheumatic diseases, also called musculoskeletal diseases, are characterized by pain and a consequent reduction in the range of motion and function in one or more areas of the musculoskeletal system; in some diseases there are signs of inflammation: swelling, redness, warmth in the affected areas. Rheumatic diseases can also affect internal organs.
Some people use the word arthritis to refer to all rheumatic diseases. Arthritis, which literally means joint inflammation, is just part of the rheumatic diseases. Arthritis in the restricted sense primarily involves: joint pain, joint stiffness, joint inflammation, and joint damage. Rheumatic disease is not a single disorder. It encompasses more than 200 different diseases which span from various types of arthritis to Osteoporosis and on to systemic connective tissue diseases.
In the industrialized world, rheumatic diseases affect more individuals than any other disease group. In fact, a third of people of all ages are affected at some point during their lifetime. In Europe almost, every family is affected in some way by a rheumatic disease. Moreover, untreated rheumatic diseases may reduce life expectancy. It affects all ages and both genders, although women are more frequently affected than men.
The proper treatment for any rheumatic disease is very important and it should be followed with utmost dedication. If rheumatic diseases are not treated appropriately, daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs, cooking, and personal hygiene are affected. Rheumatic diseases can also have a profound effect on work capacity. They are the single biggest cause of both sick leave and premature retirement, causing physical disability, even amongst people of working age.
Rheumatic conditions have tremendous impact on the health and well-being of several million people in India and worldwide. Life changing, painful, deforming, costly, crippling, deadly – these are serious words to describe serious conditions.
Contrary to notions that “aches and pains” are just a normal part of ageing, the intense joint pain, swelling, stiffness and fatigue experienced by people with rheumatic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, often occur in people who are young and often abruptly interrupt education, careers, parenting, and other essential daily activities.
Rheumatic conditions not only cause inflammation and damage to joints, but can also cause serious damage to other organs of the body, development of coexisting conditions, disability, and even death.